Longburton runs along the main road between Dorchester and Sherborne, at one point lights are required to allow modern traffic to safely negotiate a bend between the 17th century stone cottages. Most of the remaining housing is modern development with a few Victorian cottages.
The church of St. James has a rather plain 13th century tower with the rest of the building dating from the 15th century, apart from the north aisle of 1873 and the little north chapel from the 17th century. The chapel having been built to house two sets of lavish tombs to accommodate the parents of Sir Leweston Fitzpaine and his wife.
The effigy of Thomas Winston was originally on his tomb at Standish in Gloucestershire, but when Lady Eleanor asked Standish's permission to add effigies of her parents the church declined. She therefore moved Winston's effigy to Long Burton (her husband's parish). Lady Eleanor Fitzjames' parents - Sir Henry and Lady Winston - had a second daughter, Sarah, who married John Churchill of Glenville's Wootton in the Blackmoor Vale. John and Sarah Churchill were the grandparents of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, whose line included Sir Winston Churchill, Winston being retained as a family name in honour of Sarah Winston. Dorset therefore has a link with the great man.
Over the south door is an unusually large Royal coat of arms dated 1662, with suitable injunctions for the start of the restoration, for example 'Curse not the King, noe not in my thought'.
In 1769 the Rev. William Sharpe [1724-83], who had become vicar in 1763, published his Treatise upon Coal Mines. A strange subject you might think for a Dorset country vicar, except that Sharpe had been born in the Durham coalfields and had visions of pit-heads and slag heaps in the Dorset countryside. Not such a far fetched idea, since at least five attempts had already been made to find coal in the surrounding area. The following year he issued an appendix to his treatise documenting these failed attempts.
Rev. Charles Herbert Mayo [1845-1929] vicar of Longburton [1872-1912] and son of Folke's rector, William Mayo, devoted his life to studying local history and encouraging others to do the same, publish many books and articles on the subject. His masterpiece was the Bibliotheca Dorstiensis , which even today remains the standard reference work on Dorset's antiquarian books.